CSISA in India

In India, CSISA activities focus on areas of the eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains dominated by small farm sizes, low incomes and comparatively low levels of agricultural mechanization, irrigation and productivity. Project hubs are located in Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Odisha.

The project partners with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, the State Departments of Agriculture, national-level initiatives, livelihoods programs, state agricultural universities, NGOs and private sector entities including agricultural machinery manufacturers, dealers and local service providers.

CSISA’s core interventions in India include:


CSISA locations in India (click to enlarge)

  1. Directly-sown rice (DSR) to address labor and energy constraints to precision rice establishment
  2. Strengthening the foundations of agro-advisory through knowledge organization and data integration
  3. Building precision nutrient management approaches around established and emerging scaling pathways
  4. Income-generating maize production in neglected hill and plateau ecologies
  5. Rice-fallows development in coastal Odisha
  6. Increasing the capacity of National Agricultural Research and Extension Systems (NARES) to conduct participatory on-farm technology evaluations
  7. Integrated weed management to facilitate sustainable intensification transitions in rice
  8. Accelerating the emergence of mechanized solutions for sustainable intensification
  9. Coping with climate extremes in rice–wheat cropping systems


  • Public harvesting sets the agenda for early sowing and timely sown wheat varieties in Bihar

    Through sustained efforts, the CSISA-KVK network successfully promotes the adoption of Early wheat sowing (EWS) by smallholder farmers in the EIGP (Eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains) A Public Harvesting event was jointly organized by the KVK Saraiya and Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) in Sakari Chandpura village, Bandra block of Muzaffarpur district, Bihar, on 8th April. The event – on farmer demonstration plots – helped showcase the impact of early wheat sowing (EWS) on the performance of timely sown wheat varieties (DBW-187 and HD-2967). Timely sown wheat varieties (TSWVs) provided a ...

  • Convergence between DSR Odisha Project-CSISA-Mission Shakti and the Department of Agriculture empowering small and marginal farmers in Odisha

    Background “Precision direct seeded rice based diversified systems for transforming labour requirement, yields and profitability of smallholder farmers in Odisha” in short “DSR-Odisha project” funded by Government of Odisha is being implemented by International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) since Rabi 2021-22 in collaboration with Department of Agriculture & Farmers’ Empowerment (DAFE). The project aims to increase productivity and ensure socio-economic and environmental sustainability while improving smallholders’ profitability in rice-based systems by catalysing wide-scale adoption of mechanized and precision broadcast DSR during Kharif and demonstrating non-rice crops during the Rabi season. With ...

  • IFPRI- CSISA launches primary survey to understand factors affecting farmer’s decisions for delayed planting of rice and wheat in Bihar, India

    Background Late transplanting of paddy is common in the rice-wheat cropping systems of Bihar and its neighboring regions. The delay in paddy transplantation further leads to late sowing of wheat, exposing it to high temperatures during the crucial grain-filling stage resulting in low system productivity. This study will assess factors that influence farmers’ decision-making around the timing of transplanting and harvesting paddy in Bihar. The study will help identify agro-economic and behavioral reasons for the late transplanting and harvesting of rice. For this, a mixed methods primary survey of farmers is ...

  • Being the change you wanted to see as a young girl

    CSISA Agricultural scientist shares experience as the first woman in STEM in her family. In the traditional Indian society Madhulika Singh grew up in, girls choosing to study science, technology, engineering or mathematics (STEM) was as radical as choosing a life partner on their own. “They say women hold up half the sky. I believe they should hold up as much and contribute equally in STEM too,” says Singh, now an agriculture specialist at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). In her early teens, she saw her mother, a school headmaster, ...

  • Honorary Member award for Dr. R.K. Malik by WSSA

    Dr. R.K. Malik named Honorary member by the Weed Science Society of America named. The WSSA award highlights Malik’s inspiring work in tackling herbicide resistance problems, first reported in India by his team in 1993. Malik was instrumental in developing a management solution for herbicide-resistant Phalaris minor, a pernicious weed in wheat crops. The integrated weed management system he helped develop raised wheat yield capacity significantly for farmers in the Indo-Gangetic Plains. The award was presented virtually at the 2022 annual meeting of WSSA, held in Vancouver, Canada. Read more about ...

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