CSISA in India

In India, CSISA activities focus on areas of the eastern Indo-Gangetic Plains dominated by small farm sizes, low incomes and comparatively low levels of agricultural mechanization, irrigation and productivity. Project hubs are located in Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Odisha.

The project partners with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, the State Departments of Agriculture, national-level initiatives, livelihoods programs, state agricultural universities, NGOs and private sector entities including agricultural machinery manufacturers, dealers and local service providers.

CSISA’s core interventions in India include:


CSISA locations in India (click to enlarge)

  1. Directly-sown rice (DSR) to address labor and energy constraints to precision rice establishment
  2. Strengthening the foundations of agro-advisory through knowledge organization and data integration
  3. Building precision nutrient management approaches around established and emerging scaling pathways
  4. Income-generating maize production in neglected hill and plateau ecologies
  5. Rice-fallows development in coastal Odisha
  6. Increasing the capacity of National Agricultural Research and Extension Systems (NARES) to conduct participatory on-farm technology evaluations
  7. Integrated weed management to facilitate sustainable intensification transitions in rice
  8. Accelerating the emergence of mechanized solutions for sustainable intensification
  9. Coping with climate extremes in rice–wheat cropping systems


  • CSISA-IFRPI study on the inclusiveness of agriculture development programs in Bihar and Odisha

    In the first quarter of 2023, CSISA conducted fieldwork to understand how inclusive agriculture development programs are in Bihar, India ( fieldwork in Odisha concluded in the last quarter of 2022). The results from the study will feed into CSISA’s objectives to make research and agri-extension activities inclusive as possible. Despite significant budget allocations and a high policy priority for agriculture subsidies in India, there has been very little evaluation of subsidy delivery mechanisms and their impact on farmers and other key stakeholders involved, especially about the issue of inclusion along ...

  • Convergence Platform (Odisha) Meeting

    On 15 December 2022, ICAR-Agricultural Technology Application Research Institute, Kolkata (ICAR-ATARI) convened a "Convergence Platform Odisha Meeting" at the Directorate of Extension Education, OUAT, Bhubaneswar. It was facilitated by Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) and participated by different stakeholders engaged in the state agriculture sector. This event was the first Convergence Platform (CP) meeting of all stakeholders (almost all actors in the agri-development and agri-bussiness sector) since the CP initiative was formalised in Odisha by CSISA and partners. As many as 75 participants from various stakeholder groups like the ...

  • Cropping systems of Haryana – Challenges and Opportunities

    CSISA publication under the RAWE program of CCSHAU released in February 2023 'Cropping Systems of Haryana - Challenges and Opportunities' released by DDG Education Dr. R.C Aggarwal Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) project, in collaboration with Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University (CCSHAU), initiated a capacity development program for final year students of B.Sc. (Agriculture) under the Rural Agricultural Work Experience (RAWE) — part of the course curriculum for final-year graduation students. Under this, students would undertake data collection on agricultural practices used by farmers following CSISA's landscape diagnostic survey ...

  • Improved groundnut variety mechanically sown proved to be financially rewarding for Odisha farmer

    Ganesh Kandi is a 45-year-old marginal farmer from Alasankha Village in Gop Block, Puri District in Odisha. With technical support from the DSR-Odisha/CSISA projects team, he cultivated groundnut on his farm during the 2021-22 Rabi season. Despite the added costs from better seedbed preparation, higher levels of MoP and sulphur fertilizer, and additional weed management, the total cost of cultivation (cost per unit area) in improved practice was only 3% higher than the farmer’s practice. “The groundnut yield obtained in improved practice produced a record yield in the area,” said Ganesh.  ...

  • A reluctant farmer changes the fortune of his inherited land

    Ravi Ranjan took to farming after the death of his grandfather and, despite his initial apprehension about working in agriculture, has never looked back. Farmer Ravi Ranjan is a progressive and influential farmer with ties to the Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) project. Researchers on the CSISA team have been working with farmers like him in the region for over a decade and are proud of the ongoing collaboration. Ranjan’s fields are regularly used as CSISA trial plots to help demonstrate the success of new technologies and conservation agriculture practices that ...

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