Research Note 1: The Impact of Seed-Policy Reforms and Intellectual Property Rights on Crop Productivity in India
Studies show that the liberalization of seed market policies and stronger legal protection of intellectual property rights can stimulate private investment in agriculture, especially crop genetic improvement. The study explores, in the context of India, whether this translates into increased agricultural productivity.
The study uses a set of experimental auctions coupled to assess whether having first-generation adopters of a new resource-conserving technology – in this case, laser land leveling – in a farmer’s network increases his or her exposure to and demand for the technology.
Research Note 3: Structure, Competition and Policy in India’s Seed and Agricultural Biotechnology Industries
The study examines current constraints to increased private sector investment in the seed and agricultural biotechnology sectors in India, particularly in relation to rice, wheat and maize improvement.
Research Note 4: Public Subsidies, Technology Targeting and Private Investment: Evidence from Laser Land Leveling in Uttar Pradesh, India
The study examines how demand for laser land leveling (LLL) varies spatially and across different types of farmers in eastern Uttar Pradesh and how this information can be used to design subsidy strategies that encourage LLL uptake, coverage and private provision of custom-hired LLL services.
Research Note 5: Farmer Preferences for Drought Tolerance in Inbred and Hybrid Rice: Evidence from Bihar, India
The study uses experimental choice modeling to examine farmers’ preferences for inbred and hybrid cultivars with a range of drought tolerance characteristics and to explore how these preferences differ among farmers, grouping farmers into ‘classes’ with similar underlying characteristics.
The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act has caused an increase in wages for unskilled workers in the farming sector by 3-5 percent. The study finds that this increase is also likely to influence farmers’ decisions on temporarily replacing workers with labor-saving agricultural technologies.
This study explores the ways in which gender influences the uptake of inclusive weather-index insurance schemes to de-risk crop production and encourage cropping intensification in the coastal south of Bangladesh.
Research Note 8: What Contribution Can Surface Water Irrigation Make to Crop Intensification in Bangladesh’s Feed the Future Zone?
This study uses remotely sensed and geospatial data to identify agricultural land, assess soil salinity, detect the availability of freshwater in canals and assess crop production intensity in 33,750 km2 of Bangladesh’s Feed the Future Zone.
Research Note 9: Overcoming Gender Gaps in Rural Mechanization: Lessons from Reaper-Harvester Service Provision in Bangladesh
Emerging markets for agricultural machinery services in South Asia present opportunities to start new businesses and mechanize agriculture. Yet at first glance, female participation appears extremely low. This research in Bangladesh offers insights for how to build upon women’s contributions to rural mechanization and expand the benefits of these markets.
Research Note 10: Who are the Entrepreneurs? A Case for Accelerated Service Economy for Agricultural Machinery in Odisha
This note discusses the traits of machine owners that are associated with entrepreneurial behavior and ways in which information about these traits could be used to improve the targeting of mechanization subsidies to better foster the emergence of custom-hire services for farm machinery in Odisha.
A longer-term goal is to integrate land records and fertilizer recommendations through their Aadhaar (unique identification) numbers so that, at the time of purchase, farmers would only be allowed to purchase subsidized fertilizer according to the recommendations on their soil health cards. This note discusses the challenges in implementing Aadhar-enabled fertilizer management system.