Factsheets and Manuals

Line Sowing of Sunflower in Odisha

(March 2017) | Factsheet

Two-page document detailing use of seed-cum-fertilizer drill to maintain proper depth, row-to-row spacing, fertilizer placement and to facilitate mechanical weeding along with earthing-up for higher productivity and profitability of sunflower

Line Sowing of Mung Bean in Odisha

(March 2017) | Factsheet

Two-page document on steps to achieve higher productivity and profitability of mung bean cultivation.

Line Sowing of Mustard and Toria in Odisha

(March 2017) | Factsheet

Two-page document highlighting best management practices for mung bean and toria cultivation.

Tips to Increase Spring Maize Yields (Nepali)

(January 2017) | Leaflet

An easy-to-use manual meant to provide spring maize farmers in Nepal tips to improve their yields using improved cultivation practices.

Line Sowing Machine (Nepali)

(January 2017) | Leaflet

This document outlines the benefits and operation of the push row seeder that allows for line sowing of crops including maize and soybean.

Tips for Mungbean Cultivation (Nepali)

(January 2017) | Leaflet

This two-page leaflet provides tips for mungbean cultivation in Nepal.

Pocket Guide on Zero Tillage (Hindi)

(December 2016) | Booklet

A handy pocket guide for farmers in Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh that introduces them to the various aspects of zero tillage cultivation. It also serves as a diary and calendar.

Recommendations for Stemphyllium Disease Management in Lentil (Nepali)

(December 2016) | Leaflet

This leaflet outlines the recommendations on an integrated approach to manage the Stemphyllium disease in Lentil for Nepal.

Precision Seed and Fertilizer Spreader (Nepali)

(October 2016) | Factsheet

This factsheet details the benefits and operation of the handheld precision seed and fertilizer spreader.

Tips to Increase Wheat Yields (Nepali)

(September 2016) | Leaflet

This leaflet offers detailed information on selecting appropriate varieties, sowing dates, seed rates, sowing methods and weed control to help farmers increase their wheat yields.

Integrated Weed Management: Experiential Learning Modules for Sustainable Intensification and Agriculture Service Provision (Book 2)

(September 2016) | Manual

This book covers critical topics for the principles and practice of integrated weed management (IWM) in the context of smallholder farming in the tropics, with emphasis on experiential and hands-on learning. It is part of a set of comprehensive training resources on scale-appropriate machinery and resource-conserving agricultural practices for smallholder farmers in cereal-based farming systems.

Easy to Use Tips to Increase Mungbean Production in Bangladesh

(July 2016) | Booklet

Mungbean is one of Bangladesh’s most important pulses. This manual provides simple guidelines to improve mungbean cultivation in the country.

Tips on Direct Seeded Rice using Seed-Cum-Fertilizer Drill in Odisha

(May 2016) | Booklet

Rice is traditionally sown in Odisha using broadcasting, which has various shortcomings. Using DSR, farmers can sow rice directly into the main field thereby eliminating the need for raising a nursery or transplanting. This publication serves as a detailed, step-by-step guide on DSR.

Laser Land Leveling (English | Odia)

(May 2016) | Leaflet

Laser leveling shifts soil from the high points of the field to the low points in the most accurate and effective way. This leaflet provides a brief introduction to the various aspects of the technology.

Setting Procedure of Seed-Cum-Fertilizer Drill (English | Odia)

(May 2016) | Leaflet 

The one-pager describes the correct setting procedure for the seed-cum-fertilizer drill.

Dry Direct Seeded Rice: A Resource Conservation Technology (English | Odia)

(May 2016) | Leaflet

The two-page leaflet highlights the benefits of DSR as an establishment method using a machine and gives directions on field preparation and sowing.

Rice Seedling Preparation on Wet Bed (in Nepali)

(May 2016) | Factsheet

Two-page document detailing the correct method for raising rice seedlings on a wet bed.

Nursery Management for Manually Transplanted Rice to Develop Nursery Enterprise (English | Hindi | Odia)

(May 2016) | Leaflet

With uncertain rains there is often a delay in rice transplanting and in some cases the newly transplanted fields are damaged by standing water due to heavy rains. This document enumerates 10 management tips to raise an effective rice nursery.

Kharif Maize Production (in Hindi)

May 2016 | Leaflet

This document illustrates the complete process of growing maize in the kharif (monsoon) season, from sowing method to which high-yielding varieties to use.

Best Bet Agronomy of Direct Seeded Rice (English | Hindi)

 (May 2016) | Leaflet

Two-page document detailing DSR rice establishment method, specifically in the context of Bihar and eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Wheat Blast Disease: A Deadly and Baffling Fungal Foe

(April 2016) | Factsheet

A priority briefing from CIMMYT on wheat blast,  one of the most fearsome and intractable wheat diseases in recent decades, caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae.  

Spreader for Precision Broadcasting (EnglishNepali)

(September 2015) Factsheet

Two-page document detailing the benefits, tips for and functioning of the spreader (example, EarthWay) for precision broadcasting of seed and fertilizer.

Tips to Increase Maize Yields in Plateau of Odisha (English | Odia)

(July 2015) | Manual

This easy-to-use manual is meant to provide maize farmers tips to improve their yields using improved cultivation practices. Specifically, it outlines which cultivars to use for different cropping systems, field preparation and crop establishment methods, and efficient weed control and nutrient management for higher productivity.

Easy Tips for Maize Production for Hills of Nepal (in Nepali)

(2015) | Factsheet

Maize cultivation is a way of life for most farmers in the hills of Nepal. However, its productivity needs to match with the increasing demand, which is expected to grow considerably over the next 20 years. This publication highlights some steps in maize production and improved agronomic management of the crop to achieve increased production.

Benefits of Rice-Wheat Crop Manager (in Hindi)

(June 2015) | Factsheet

Two-page document highlighting the benefits of using the Rice-Wheat Crop Manager (RWCM) for balanced use of fertilizers.

Tips for Direct Seeded Rice (in Hindi)

(June 2015) | Factsheet

Two-page document enumerating tips for efficient cultivation and production of direct seeded rice.

Sustainable Intensification Opportunities under Current and Future Cereal Systems of North-West India

Sharma, P.C.; Jat, H.S.; Kumar, V.; Gathala, M.K.; Datta, A.; Yaduvanshi, N.P.S.; Choudhary, M.; Sharma, S.; Singh, L.K.;   Saharawat, Y.; Yadav, A.K.; Parwal, A.; Sharma, D.K.; Singh, G.; Jat, M.L.; Ladha, J.K.; McDonald, A. (May 2015) | Technical Bulletin

Prevalent approaches to rice-wheat production in North-West India are now known to be ecologically intrusive and economically and environmentally unsustainable, which is further aggravated by the fast changing climate in the region. Based on evidence from various production environments, this Technical Bulletin highlights how conservation agriculture (CA) based management can have both immediate and long term benefits of reduced production costs, reduced erosion, stabilized crop yield, improved water productivity, adaptation to climatic variability and improved soil health and ecosystem services.

Season Long Training on Growing Direct Seeded Rice – Training Report

Shankar, P.; Salahuddin, A.; Ganeshmoorthy, R. (March 2015) | Training Report

CSISA-Tamil Nadu Hub in association with Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute (TRRI), Tamil Nadu Agricultural University (TNAU), Department of Agriculture (DoA) and in close collaboration of Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) of Thiruvarur district at Needamangalam of TNAU organized a season long training (SLT) from September 2014 to February 2015. Growing rice with improved and mechanized direct seeding was the key theme in the training. This training report captures the learnings of this first-of-its-kind program including the methodology, curriculum and evaluation.

Postharvest Technologies: Threshing Options

(January 2015) | Factsheet

CSISA Factsheet highlighting the pros and cons of mechanized threshing options available to farmers.

Postharvest Technologies: Storage Options

(January 2015) | Factsheet

CSISA Factsheet highlighting the pros and cons of various storage options available to farmers, including painted pots, plastic and metal drums and the super bag.

The Axial Flow and Mixed Flow Pumps for Surface Water Irrigation, Drainage and Fisheries (English | Hindi)

(January 2015) | Factsheet

CSISA Factsheet detailing the functioning of the axial flow and mixed flow pumps (AFPs and MFPs), their cost benefits and specifications as well as tips for safe use.

Operational Manual for Mechanical Transplanting of Rice (English | Odia)

Rickman, F.J.; Mussgnug, F.;  Khanda, C.M.; Satpathy, S.D.; Parida, N.; Singla, K.; Kumar, V.; Banik, N.C.; Iftikar, W.; Mishra, A.; Yadav, S.; Kumar, V.; Malik, R.K.; McDonald, A.J. (January 2015) | Manual

This booklet highlights the benefits of mechanical transplanting of rice and discusses some of the operational and management issues that need to be addressed. It will serve as an easy, step-by-step guide for extension staff, service providers and innovative farmers to use mechanical transplanting with or without puddling.

Axial-Flow Thresher for Cropping System Optimization

(November 2014) | Factsheet

CSISA Factsheet on the Axial-Flow Thresher with which farmers can thresh paddy right after cutting thus avoiding losses, saving residual soil moisture and creating opportunity for early sowing of Rabi (winter) crops by 8—10 days.

Why Should You Use a Handheld Maize Sheller?

(September 2014) | Pamphlet

A one-page pamphlet highlighting the benefits of using a Handheld Maize Sheller instead of shelling by hand.

Axial Flow Pumps Can Reduce Energy Use and Costs for Low-Lift Surface Water Irrigation in Bangladesh

Santos Valle, S.; Qureshi, A.S.; Islam, M.S.; Hossain M.A.; Gathala, M.K.; Krupnik, T.J. (August 2014) | Manual

Diesel pump efficiencies in Bangladesh are only 25% (compared to 35% for electric pumps) mainly due to techno-mechanical problems. This document posits that prototype axial flow pumps made in Bangladesh can help overcome this challenge by saving fuel and delivering more water than conventional centrifugal pumps for low-lift irrigation, among other benefits.

Mentoring and Connecting Potential Women Entrepreneurs in Southwest Bangladesh: A Stakeholder Workshop

Gurung, K. (July 2014) | Workshop Paper

The publication documents findings and discussions from workshop that brought together the Bangladesh Women Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Women Entrepreneurs’ Association, commercial banks, supermarkets and the agri-business sector to assist potential women entrepreneurs to grow their business by linking with and being mentored by women-led business associations.

Eight Tips for Higher Rice Yields

Odisha, India (2014) | Terai and Mid Hills, Nepal (2015)

In spite of a favorable environment, productivity of rice in Odisha, India and the Terai and Mid Hills region of Nepal remain well below their national and global average. This publication highlights eight critical steps in rice production and improved agronomic management of the crop to achieve increased production.

Guidelines for Dry Seeded Rice (DSR)

The DSR Series is available in English and local languages | Manual

Dry seeded rice (DSR) is becoming an attractive option for farmers as it has a much lower labor requirement than manually transplanted rice. It can be readily adopted by small farmers as well as large farmers, provided that the required machinery is locally available. This series of four publications offers guidelines for DSR in the India, Bangladesh and Nepal.

Volume 1: Eastern Gangetic Plains of India (English | Hindi)

Yadav, S.; Malik, R.K.; Humphreys, E.; Kumar, V.; Singh, S.S.; Chauhan, B.S.; Kamboj, B.R.; Gathala, M.; Jat, M.L.; McDonald, A.J.; Laik, R. (2013)

Volume 2: Bangladesh (English | Bangla)

Gathala, M.; Yadav, S.; Mazid, Md.A.; Humphreys, E.; Ahmed, S.; Krupnik, T.J.; Rashid, Md.H.; Chauhan, B.S.; Kumar, V.; Russell, T.; Saleque, M.A.; Kamboj, B.R.;  Jat, M.L.;  Malik, R.K.; Tiwari, T.P.; Mondal, M.; Rahman, M.; Saha, A.; Hossain, K.; Islam, S.; McDonald, A.J. (2014)

Volume 3: Terai and Mid Hills, Nepal (English | Nepali)

Devkota, K.; Yadav, S.;  Ranjit, J.D.; Sherchan, D.P.; Regmi, A.; Devkota, M.; Akhtar, T.; Humphreys, E.; Chauhan, B.S.; Kumar, V.; McDonald, A.J.; Malik, R.K. (2014)

Volume 4: Cauvery Delta Zone, Tamil Nadu, India (English | Tamil)

Yadav, S.; Ganeshamoorthy, R.; Humphreys, E.; Rajendran, R.; Ravi, V.;  Mussgnug, F.; Kumar, V.; Chauhan, B.S.; Ramesh, T.; Kamboj, B.R.; Gathala, M.; Malik, R.K.; Jat, M.L.; McDonald, A.J. (2014)

A Framework on Conservation Agriculture Principles for Food Security: Technical Bulletin (in Hindi)

Sharma, P.C.; Jat, H.S.; Sharma, D.K.; Singh, G.; Kumar, V.; Jat, M.L.; Ladha, J.K.; Gathala, M.K.; Yudvanshi, N.P.S.; Sehrawat, Y.; McDonald, A.J. (January 2014) | Technical Bulletin

Conservation agriculture (CA) can provide steady agricultural yields as well as reduce environmental degradation. This document presents a framework for using CA principles to achieve food security in addition to highlighting both its international and domestic scope.

Made in Bangladesh: Scale-Appropriate Machinery for Agricultural Resource Conservation (EnglishBangla)

Krupnik, T.J.; Santos Valle; S.; McDonald, A.J.; Justice, S.; Hossain, I.; Gathala, M.K. (December 2013) | Manual

This document describes and provides technical designs for small-scale agricultural machinery developed or produced in Bangladesh to support the sustainable intensification of agriculture by smallholder farmers. It focuses on smart, scale-appropriate equipment – particularly for use with two-wheel hand tractors suited for small plots.

Bed Planting (in Bangla)

(2012) | Leaflet

An awareness-raising leaflet on the benefits of using bed planting method in farming.

Conservation Agriculture (in Bangla)

(2012) | Leaflet

A leaflet that gives farmers an overview of conservation agriculture and its benefits.

Strip Tillage (in Bangla)

(2012) | Leaflet

An instructional leaflet for farmers on achieving best results from strip tillage.

Stay Safe If You Use Pesticides, Pesticides Are Poison (in Bangla) 

(2012) | Poster

An illustrative poster on integrated pest management and pesticide safety for rice farmers in Bangladesh.

Operational Manual for Multi-Crop Zero Till Planter

Kapil; Kamboj, B.R.; Jat, M.L.; Kumar, A.; Dalip, K.; Sidhu, H.S.; Gathala, M.K.; Saharawat, Y.S.; Kumar, V.; Kumar, A.; Kumar, V. (July 2012) | Manual

This report highlights the Multi-Crop Zero Till Planter, which can be used for direct drilling of several crops including wheat, rice, maize, moongbean, mustard and barley without any preparatory tillage and also under reduced tillage situations

Direct Seeded Rice Technology in Western Indo-Gangetic Plains of India: CSISA Experiences

Kamboj, B.R.; Kumar, A.; Bishnoi, D.K.; Singla, K.; Kumar, V.; Jat, M.L.; Chaudhary, N.; Jat, H.S.; Gosain, D.K.; Khippal, A.; Garg, R.; Lathwal, O.P.; Goyal, S.P.; Goyal, N.K.; Yadav, A.; Malik, D.S.; Mishra, A.; Bhatia, R. (May 2012) | Technical Bulletin

This report summarizes the experiences of direct seeded rice (DSR) during Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA) Phase-I (2009-2011) as well as outcomes of a multi-stakeholder travelling seminar on DSR organized by CSISA Haryana Hub in September 2011.

Sprayers and Spraying Techniques – A Manual

Malik, R.K.; Pundir, A.; Dar, S.R.; Singh, S.K.; Gopal, R.; Shankar, P.R.; Singh, N.; Jat, M.L. (May 2012) | Manual

Timely application of herbicides, pesticides and fungicides at peak periods plays a vital role in ensuring better yields from a crop. This manual outlines Crop Protection Products application technologies and is intended to serve as a practical guide to extension workers and farmers.

Direct Dry Seeded Rice Production Technology and Weed Management in Rice Based Systems

Gopal, R.; Jat, R.K.; Malik, R.K.; Kumar, V.; Alam, M.M.; Jat, M.L.; Mazid, M.A.; Saharawat, Y.S.; McDonald, A.; Gupta, R. (2010) | Technical Bulletin

In South Asia, rice-based cropping systems account for more than 50% of the total acreage with rice grown in sequence with rice or upland crops like wheat, maize or legumes. In most areas, rice is traditionally grown by transplanting seedlings into puddled fields (TPR). Alternative establishment practices for rice such as direct seeding into dry, unpuddled soil (DSR) are suitable for different production environments in South Asia and may alleviate many of the problems associated with TPR. The document describes a comprehensive set of management principles and practices that can help ensure high rice yields and economic returns with DSR, including direct seeding without tillage.

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